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Based on Gräff’s memorandum, the Reichsinstitut für Maltechnik (Doerner Institut) (Reich Institute for Painting Technique) was founded in 1937 as a National Analysis and Research Institute for Paint Technology with the departments of physical chemistry, painting techniques and art history (from 1940/41).

The institute was housed at Leopoldstraße 3 in close neighborhood to the Academy of Fine Arts. However, it came under the direct supervision of the Reichskammer der bildenden Künste. Its first director was the painter Max Doerner, who had been appointed to the Academy in 1911 as a teacher of painting techniques and whose book The Materials of the Artist and Their Use in Painting had already appeared in its 6th edition by 1938.